How people elect parliaments
The lower house of the Majlis-e-Shura (National Assembly) of Pakistan is the Qaumī Asimbli’e, a composite assembly of 342 members.
272 seats in the Majlis are filled by members directly elected in single member divisions by the plurality voting method.
An additional 60 seats are reserved for female members and 10 seats are reserved for religious minorities. These members are not directly elected, but seats are allocated on a national basis by the party list seat allocation system to parties winning at least 5% of total national votes.
Terms of office are five years.
Inequality in the effective influence of voters caused by variations in Majlis division enrolments has been significant in recent elections, with the standard deviation of variations compared to the mean enrolment being 24.0% in 2008 and 22.6% in 2013.
[nomination openness – party configurations]
[summary of results]
Inequality in the effective influence of voters caused by variations in division turnouts (formal votes) has been significant in recent elections, with the standard deviation of variations compared to the mean formal vote being 117.3% in 2008 and 0.0% in 2013.
[inequality by margins]
2008 – 2013
[data source – data completeness – anomalous contests]
[Datasets are not yet published]