The large majority of the items shown below have been published in academic journals. Also included are a small number of items such as essays, pamphlets and speeches – usually from earlier eras – which it is convenient to include here rather than establish as a seperate category.

The references below are sorted first by *year*, then by *author.*

- Pre-19th Century
- 19th Century
- 1900-2nd World War
- Post-War-1979
- 1980s
- 1990s
- 2000s
- 2011
- 2012
- 2013
- 2014
- 2015
- 2016

** Llull 1282**;

** Llull 1283**;

** Llull 1299**;

** Hare 1860**;

** Spence 1861**;

** Droop, 1869**:

** Nanson 1880**;

** Droop 1881**;

** Nanson 1882**;

** Ostrogorski 1893**;

** Spence 1893**;

** Nanson 1899**;

** Nanson 1900**;

** Huntington 1921**;

** Penrose 1946**;

** Black 1948**;

** Arrow 1950**;

** Arrow 1951**;

** Kemeny 1959**;

** Black 1967**;

** Meek 1968**;

** Black 1969**;

** Meek 1969**;

** Black 1970**;

** Gibbard 1973**;

** Sen 1973**;

** Zeckhauser 1973**;

** Satterthwaite 1975**;

** Anscombe 1976**;

** Daudt and Rae 1976**;

** Young and Levenglick 1978**;

** Balinski and Young 1980**;

** APSE 1982**;

** Grofman 1983**;

** Brahms and Fishburn 1984 (i)**;

** Brahms and Fishburn 1984 (ii)**;

** Butler 1984**;

** Coulter 1984**;

** Duverger 1984**;

** Fisichella 1984**;

** Hallett 1984**;

** Hermens 1984**;

** Irvine 1984**;

** Johnston 1984**;

** Kaase 1984**;

** Katz 1984**;

** Lakeman 1984**;

** Lijphart 1984**;

** Nohlen 1984 (i)**;

** Nohlen 1984 (ii)**;

** Reif 1984**;

** Riker 1984**;

** Rose 1984**;

** Taagepera 1984**;

** Taylor 1984**;

** Weaver 1984**;

** Wright 1984**;

** Butler and Cain 1985**;

** Felsenthal 1985**;

** Lijphart 1985**;

** Curtice and Steed 1986**;

** Gallagher 1986**;

** Gallagher and Unwin 1986**;

** Taagepera 1986**;

** Blais and Carty 1987**;

** Deb and Kelsey 1987**;

** Lijphart 1987**;

** Fischer 1988**;

** Gallagher and Unwin 1988**;

** Hill 1988**;

** McCubbins, Schwartz 1988**;

** Pammett 1988**;

** Bogdanor 1989**;

** Galbraith and Rae 1989**;

** Kelly 1989**;

** Phillips 1989**;

** Taagepera 1989**;

** Taagepera and Shugart 1989**;

** Engstrom 1990**;

** Maas et al 1990**;

** Zanella 1990**;

** Blais 1991**;

** Blais and Carty 1991**;

** Colomer 1991**;

** Cox 1991**;

** Cox and Shugart 1991**;

** Gallagher 1991**;

** McLean 1991**;

** Molinar 1991**;

** Punnett 1991**;

** Tao 1991**;

** Elklit 1992**;

** Gallagher 1992**;

** Nermuth 1992**:

** Elklit 1993**;

** Engstrom and McDonald 1993**;

** O’Neal 1993**;

** Taagepera and Shugart 1993**;

** Van Deemen 1993**;

** Darcy and Marsh 1994**;

** Monroe 1994**;

** Norris and Crewe 1994**;

** Passion: Bryce, Lowell, Ostrogorski and the Problem of Democracy**, Paolo Pombeni, The Historical Journal, vol 37(2), 1994, pp. 319-341

** Reed 1994**;

** Warren 1994**;

** Carey and Shugart 1995**;

** Diskin and Diskin 1995**;

** Donovan 1995**;

** Dunleavy and Margetts 1995**;

** Felsenthal and Machover 1995**;

** Jones 1995**;

** Merrill 1995**;

** Norris 1995 (i)**;

** Norris 1995 (ii)**;

** Shiratori 1995**;

** Tideman 1995**;

** Vowles 1995**;

** Blais and Nadeau 1996**;

** Bowler et al 1996**;

** Hazan 1996**;

** Lagerspetz 1996**;

** McLean 1996**; EJ Nansen, Social Choice and Electoral Reform, Iain McLean, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 31(3), 1996

** Reed 1996**;

** Anckar 1997**;

** Bean 1997**;

** Blais et al 1997**;

** Elgie 1997**;

** Ellis 1997**;

** Grofman et al 1997**;

** Hain 1997**;

** Hemaspaandara 1997**;

** Lijphart 1997 (i)**;

** Lijphart 1997 (ii)**;

** McRae 1997**;

** Norman 1997**;

** Norris 1997**;

** Nurmi 1997**;

** Penadés 1997**;

** Reilly 1997**;

** Riggs 1997**;

** Simon 1997**;

** Sullivan 1997**;

** Colomer and McLean 1998**;

** Johnston et al 1998**;

** Macdonald and Rabinowitz 1998**;

** Pennisi 1998**;

** Representation 1998**;

** Taagepera 1998**;

** Bingham Powell 1999**;

** Blais 1999**;

** Bowler et al 1999**;

** Colomer 1999**;

** Hsieh and Niemi 1999**;

** Jesse 1999**;

** Lijphart 1999 (i)**;

** Lijphart 1999 (ii)**;

** Massicotte and Blais 1999**;

** Newman 1999**;

** Pilon 1999**:

** Pinto-Duschinsky 1999 (i)**;

** Pinto-Duschinsky 1999 (ii)**;

** Sakamoto 1999**;

** Scarrow 1999**;

** Svensson 1999**;

** Uhr 1999**;

** Vowles 1999**;

** Hazan 2000**;

** Jesse 2000**;

** Lijphart 2000**;

** Reny 2000**;

** Rigby 2000**;

** Roberts 2000**;

** Thurner 2000**;

** Twomey 2000**;

** Uhr 2000**;

** Vowles 2000**;

** Ackerman 2001**;

** Amy 2001**;

** Blais et al 2001**;

** Curtice 2001**;

** Fey 2001**;

** Geanakoplos 2001**;

** Griffith and Srinivasan 2001**;

** Johnstone et al 2001**;

** Katz 2001**;

** Nathan 2001**;

** Reilly 2001**;

** Rush 2001**;

** Rush and Engstrom 2001**;

** Russell 2001**;

** Shugart 2001**;

** Wiseman 2001 (i)**;

** Wiseman 2001 (ii)**;

** Ansolabehere et al 2002**;

** Baharad and Nitzan 2002**;

** Benoit 2002**;

* Brams and Fishburn 2002*;

** Calvo and Medina 2002**;

** Erikson 2002**;

** Feld, Grofman and Ray 2002**;

** Geller 2002**;

** Gelman et al 2002**;

** Johnston and Pattie 2002**;

** Karp et al 2002**;

** Klarreich 2002**;

** Knight and Marsh 2002**;

** Kostadinova 2002**;

** Kuhn 2002**;

** Laruelle and Valenciano 2002**;

** McGann et al 2002**;

** McLean 2002**;

** Myatt 2002**;

** Napel and Widgrén 2002**;

** Newman 2002**;

** Norberry and Williams 2002**;

** Norris 2002**;

** Periera and Villodres 2002**;

** Pilon 2002**;

** Reilly 2002**;

** Schmidtchen et al 2002**;

** Sharman et al 2002**;

** Taagepera 2002**;

** Amy 2003**;

** Bennett 2003**;

** Brams and Fishburn 2003**;

** Briffault 2003**;

** Church and McLeay 2003**;

** Cobble 2003**;

** Cox and Katz 2003**;

** Dasgupta and Maskin 2003**;

** Earls 2003**;

** Emerson 2003**;

** Farrell and McAllister 2003**;

** Feix et al 2003**;

** Hicken and Kasuya 2003**;

** Horiuchi and Saito 2003**;

** Horowitz 2003**;

** James 2003**;

** Keyssar 2003**;

** Kirshner 2003**;

** Kreuzer 2003**;

** Lin 2003**;

** List 2003 (i)**;

** List 2003 (ii)**;

** Pierce 2003**;

** Raskin 2003**;

** Schuster et al 2003**;

** Uhr 2003**;

** Weeks 2003**;

** Allard 2004**;

** Baker and Scheiner 2004**;

** Benoit 2004**;

** Brent 2004**;

** Carter 2004 (i)**;

** Carter 2004 (ii)**;

** Dasgupta and Maskin 2004**;

** Farrell and McAllister 2004**;

** Ferrara 2004**;

** Grofman and Feld 2004**;

** Helin and Nurmi 2004**;

** Hindess 2004**;

** Karvonen 2004**;

** McLean and Shephard 2004**;

** Mercurio and Williams 2004**;

** Moser and Scheiner 2004**;

** Nishikawa and Herron 2004**;

** Orr 2004**;

** Andrews and Jackman 2005**;

** Blaise et al 2005**;

** Bowler et al 2005**;

** Brams and Sanver 2005**;

** Carson and Engstrom 2005**;

** Chin et al 2005**;

** Colomer 2005**;

** Colomer and Nogretto 2005**;

** Colomer and Puglisi 2005**;

** Dario 2005**;

** Dunleavy 2005**;

** Dunleavy and Margetts 2005**;

** Engstrom 2005**;

** Erikson and Wlezien 2005**;

** Farrell and McAllister 2005**;

** Geller 2005**;

** Glimcher et al 2005**;

** Golder 2005**;

** Hillinger 2005**;

** Johnson 2005**;

** Maaser and Napel 2005**;

** McLean et al 2005**;

** Narayan and Smyth 2005**;

** Nethercote 2005**;

** Newman 2005**;

** Pigozzi 2005**;

** Rablen 2005**;

** Risse 2005**;

** Sawer 2005**;

** Toplak 2005**;

** Whitely et al 2005**;

** Balinski and Pukelsheim 2006**;

** Blau 2006**;

** Brams and Sanver 2006**;

** Bundestag 2006**;

** Ferrera 2006**;

** Gehrlein and Merlin 2006**;

** Hill 2006**;

** Jenkins and Morris 2006**;

** Leigh and Wolfers 2006**;

** Lewis and Richie 2006**;

** Lundberg 2006**;

** McCabe-Dansted et al 2006**;

** McLean and Lorrey 2006**;

** Milner and Ladner 2006**;

** Newman and Bennett 2006**;

** Abney et al 2007**;

** Balinski and Laraki 2007 (i)**;

** Balinski and Laraki 2007 (ii)**;

** Bennett and Lundie 2007**;

** Bochsler 2007**;

** Brandt 2007**;

** Budge and McDonald 2007**;

** Colomer 2007**;

** Crisp et al 2007**;

** Cusask et al 2007**;

** Edwards and Thames 2007**;

** Gray 2007**;

** Leigh and Wolfers 2007**;

** Leyenaar and Oldersma 2007**;

** Miller 2007**;

** Nurmi 2007**;

** Rickard 2007**;

** Ruiz-Rufino 2007**;

** Schofield 2007**;

** Barber et al 2008**;

** Bennett 2008**;

** Bennie and Clark 2008**;

** Boatright 2008**;

** Colomer 2008**;

** Colomer and Llavador 2008**;

** Emerson 2008**;

** Engstrom + Engstrom 2008**;

** Fauvelle-Aymar et al 2008**;

** Fisher et al 2008**;

** Freidgut, Kalai, Nisan 2008**;

** Grofman 2008**;

** Hill 2008**;

** Huang et al 2008**;

** Kestelman 2008**;

** Kreuzer 2008**;

** Maeda 2008**;

** McAllister and Clark 2008**;

** Merrill et al 2008**;

** Toplak 2008**;

** Twomey 2008**;

** van der Kolk 2008**;

** Zakharov 2008**;

** American Math Society 2009**;

** Blais and Loewen 2009**;

** Blais and Massicotte 2009**;

** Brunell and Buchler 2009**;

** Carey and Hix 2009**:

** Dunleavy 2009**;

** Gageler 2009**;

** Garcia-Lapresta et al 2009**;

** Halligan 2009**;

** Humphreys and Laver 2009**;

** Kestelman 2009**;

** Laffond and Lainé 2009**;

** Levy 2009**;

** Madden 2009**;

** McCarty et al 2009**;

** Newton-Farrelly 2009**;

** Nurmi 2009**;

** Nurmi and Saari 2009**;

** Rosenberg and Chen 2009**;

** Sewell et al 2009**;

** Toplak 2009**;

** Zahid 2009**;

** Aleskerov et al 2010**;

** Barber 2010**;

** Barber et al 2010**;

** Barber etc 2010**;

** Bochsler 2010**;

** Boix 2010**;

** Borisyuk et al 2010 (i)**;

** Borisyuk et al 2010 (ii)**;

** Colomer 2010 (i)**;

** Colomer 2010 (ii)**;

** Colomer 2010 (iii)**;

** Croker 2010**;

** Curtice 2010**;

** Fisher and Hobolt 2010**;

** Ganghof 2010**;

** Gauja 2010**;

** Gehrlein and Lepelley 2010**;

** Hyman 2010**;

** Lister 2010**;

** Machover 2010**;

** Marziani 2010**;

** Newton-Farrelly 2010**;

** Nurmi 2010**;

** Nurmi 2010**;

** Rodrigues and Brenton 2010**;

** Schraufnagel and Milita 2010**;

** Seiberg and McDonald 2010**;

** Serra 2010**;

** Tideman and Plassman 2010**;

** Weiser and Agraharkar 2010**;

** Williams et al 2010**;

** Zwicker 2010**;

** Balinski and Laraki 2011**;

** Barber 2011 (i)**;

** Barber 2011 (ii)**;

** Bezzina and Buhagiar 2011**;

** Blais et al 2011**;

** Bondurant 2011**;

** Brent 2011**;

** Chen 2011**;

** Coakley 2011**;

** Colomer 2011 (i)**;

** Colomer 2011 (ii)**; ‘

** Curtice and Seyd 2011**;

** Emerson 2011**;

** Falco and Garcia-L’ 2011**;

** Fauvelle-Aymar et al 2011**;

** Fawcett 2011**;

** Fischer 2011**;

** Gazeley 2011**;

** Grandi 2011**;

** Green 2011**;

** Green-Armytage 2011**;

** Hill (ID) 2011**;

** Hill (Lisa) 2011**;

** Horiuchi and Sato 2011**;

** Hugh-Jones 2011**;

** Jensen and Spoon 2011**;

** John and Hargreaves 2011**;

** Knutsen 2011**;

** Koriyama and Laslier 2011**;

** Laslier 2011**;

** Louwerse 2011**;

** Maaser and Napel 2011**;

** Macdonald 2011**;

** Marian 2011**;

** Marien 2011**;

** McAllister et al 2011**;

** Mernagh 2011**;

** Migheli and Ortona 2011**;

** Moore 2011**;

** Orr 2011**;

** Pringle 2011**;

** Pukelsheim 2011**;

** Sanders 2011**;

** Sanders et al 2011 (i)**;

** Sanders et al 2011 (ii)**;

** Sawer and Brent 2011**;

** Schmidtchen et al 2011**;

** Schulze 2011**;

** Schulze 2011**;

** Scott 2011**;

** Strauss 2011**;

** Wall 2011**;

** Weeks 2011**;

** Bagashka 2012**;

** Bale 2012**;

** Banfield 2012**;

** Barber 2012**;

** Batto 2012**;

** Bartle and Laycock 2012**;

** Brunell, Grofman and Merrill 2012**;

** Dawes et al 2012**;

** Hawley and Sagarzazu 2012**;

** Hargreaves and John 2012**;

** Hodgson and Maloney 2012**;

** Holmes 2012 (i)**;

** Holmes 2012 (ii)**;

** Hug and Martin 2012**;

** Irwin and Van Holsteyn 2012**;

** Johnson and Hoyo 2012**;

** Lachat 2012**;

** Lundell 2012**;

** McGregor 2012**;

** Pacuit 2012**; ‘

** Pringle 2012**;

** Renwick and McLean 2012**;

** Twomey 2012 (i)**;

** Twomey 2012 (ii)**;

** Whiteley et al 2012**;

** Abramson et al 2013**;

** Bergman et al 2013**;

** Bormann and Golder 2013**;

** Chamberlain 2013**;

** Clark 2013**;

** Gray 2013**;

** Ip 2013**;

** Lundberg and Steven 2013**;

** Martin 2013**;

** Mulieri 2013**;

** Pillai 2013**;

** Weeks 2013**;

** Ziegfeld 2013**;

** André and Depauw 2014**;

** Baujard et al 2014**;

** Beaulieu 2014**;

** Bedock and Sauger 2014**;

** Bellamy and Parau 2014**;

** Bernauer and Munzert 2014**;

** Bochsler 2014**;

** Bochsler and Bernauer 2014**;

** Chacko and Mayer 2014**;

** Crisp 2014**:

** Curtice and Marsh 2014**;

** Davis 2014**;

** Debus and Müller 2014**;

** Eggers and Fouirnaies 2014**;

** Endersby and Towle 2014**;

** Farrell and Katz 2014**;

** Fraenkel and Grofman 2014**;

** Garry 2014**;

** Lallber St-Vincent 2014**:

** Mitchell 2014**;

** Pellicer and Wegner 2014**;

** Potthoff 2014**;

** Singh and Roy 2014**;

** Spoon and Kluver 2014**;

** Stoffel 2014**;

** Twomey 2014 (i)**;

** Twomey 2014 (ii)**;

** Wanna 2014**;

** Zittel 2014**;

** Burnett and Kogan 2015**:

** Buttorff 2015**:

** Chavura and Melleuish 2015**:

** Felsenthal and Miller 2015**;

** Gauja 2015**:

** Golosov 2015**:

** Hayward 2015**;

** Hill 2015**:

** McAllister, Sheppard and Bean 2015**:

** Raabe 2015**;

** Rainey 2015**:

** Russell and de Wijze 2015**:

** Sanders 2015**:

** Turner 2015**:

** Twomey 2015 (i)**;

** Twomey 2015 (ii)**;

** Vowles 2015**:

** Wlezien and Soroka 2015**;

** Hajnal et al 2016**;

(Last updated 28 February 2016)

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