On Elections

How people elect parliaments

Academic and research articles

The large majority of the items shown below have been published in academic journals. Also included are a small number of items such as essays, pamphlets and speeches – usually from earlier eras – which it is convenient to include here rather than establish as a seperate category.

The references below are sorted first by year, then by author.


Pre-19th Century

Llull 1282; Artifitium electionis personarum (a system for the election of persons), Ramon Llull, before 1282, http://www.uni-augsburg.de/pukelsheim/2001a.html

Llull 1283; En qual manera Natana fo eleta a abadessa (How Natana was elected abess), Ramon Llull, 1283, http://www.uni-augsburg.de/pukelsheim/2001a.html

Llull 1299; De arte eleccione (an electoral system), Ramon Llull, 1299, http://www.uni-augsburg.de/pukelsheim/2001a.html


19th Century

Hare 1860; On the Application of a New Statistical Method to the Ascertainment of the Votes of Majorities in a More Exhaustive Manner, Thomas Hare, republished in Voting Matters issue 25, pp 1-12, 2008

Spence 1861; A Plea for Pure democracy: Mr Hare’s Reform Bill Applied to South Australia, Catherine Spence, 1861

Droop, 1869: On the political and social effects of different methods of electing representatives, Henry Droop, 1869

Nanson 1880; Proportional Representation, a paper for the Royal Society of Victoria,1880, avaliable in the State Library of Victoria Rare Books collection

Droop 1881; On Methods of Electing Representatives, Henry Droop, Journal of the Statistical Society of London, vol 44(2), 1881, pp 141-202; reprinted in Voting Matters, issue 24 (c 2004)

Nanson 1882; Methods of Election, Edward Nanson, 1882

Ostrogorski 1893; The Introduction of the Caucus into England, Moisey Ostrogorski, Political Science Quarterly, vol 8(2), 1893, pp. 287-316

Spence 1893; Effective Voting, a speech given by Catherine Helen Spence to The Congress of Women, Catherine Spence, World’s Columbian Exposition at Chicago, 1893

Nanson 1899; An Exposition of the Theory and Practice of Proportional Representation, Edward Nanson, 1899, republished by PR Society of Australia, prsa.org.au

Nanson 1900; The Real Value of a Vote and How to Get It at the Forthcoming Federal Elections, Edward Nanson, 1990


1900 to 2nd World War

Huntington 1921; The Mathematical Theory of the Apportionment of Representatives, Edward V Huntington, Proceedings of the National Association of Statisticians, vol 17, 1921, pp 123-127


Post-War to 1979

Penrose 1946; The Elementary Statistics of Majority Voting, Lionel Penrose, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, vol 109(1), 1946, pp. 53-57

Black 1948; On the Rationale of Group Decision-making, Journal of Political Economy, vol 56(1), 1948, pp. 23-34

Arrow 1950; A Difficulty in the Concept of Social Welfare, Kenneth Arrow, Journal of Political Economy, vol 58(4), 1950, pp. 328-346

Arrow 1951; Social Choice and Individual Values, Kenneth Arrow, 1951

Kemeny 1959; Mathematics Without Numbers, John Kemeny, 1959, Daedalus, vol 88(4), pp. 577-591

Black 1967; The Central Argument in Lewis Carroll’s The Principles of Parliamentary Representation, Duncan Black, 1967

Meek 1968; A New Approach to the Single Transferable Vote, Paper II: The problem of non-transferable votes, Brian Meek, 1968, Mathématiques et Sciences Humaines, No 29, 1970, pp. 33-39

Black 1969; Lewis Carroll and the Theory of Games, Duncan Black, Theory of Public Choice, 1969, pp 206-211

Meek 1969; A New Approach to the Single Transferable Vote, Paper I: Equality of Treatment of voters and a feedback mechanism for vote counting, Brian Meek, 1969, Mathématiques et Sciences Humaines, No 25, 1969, pp 13-23

Black 1970; Lewis Carroll and the Cambridge Mathematical School of PR, Arthur Cohen and Edith Denman, Duncak Black, Public Choice, 1970, pp 1-29

Gibbard 1973; Manipulation of Voting Schemes: A General Result, Alan Gibbard, Econometrica, vol 41, 1973, pp 587- 602

Sen 1973; Behaviour and the Concept of Preference, Amartya Sen, London School of Economics Inaugural Lecture, February 1973

Zeckhauser 1973; Voting Systems, Honest Preferences and Pareto Optimality, Richard Zeckhauser, American Political Science Review, vol 67(3), 1973

 Satterthwaite 1975; Strategy-Proofness and Arrow’s Conditions: Existence and Correspondence Theorems for Voting Procedures and Social Welfare Functions, MA Satterthwaite, Journal of Economic Theory, vol 10, 1975, pp 187-217.

Anscombe 1976; On Frustration of the Majority by Fulfilment of the Majority’s Will, GEM Anscombe, Analysis, vol 36, pp 161-168

Daudt and Rae 1976; The Ostrogorski Paradox: a peculiarity of compound majority decision, H Daudt and DW Rae, European Journal of Political Research, vol 4, 1976, pp 391-398

Young and Levenglick 1978; A Consistent Application of Condorcet’s Election Principle, HP Young and A Levenglick, 1978, Journal of Applied Mathematics, vol 35(2), pp. 285-300


1980s

Balinski and Young 1980; The Webster Method of Apportionment, M L Balinski and H P Young, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA (Applied Mathematical Sciences), vol. 77(1), 1980, pp . 1-4

APSE 1982; Australian Two-Party-Preferred Votes 1949–1982, Australasian Political Studies Association, 1982

Grofman 1983; Measures of Bias and Proportionality in Seats-Votes Relationships, Bernard Grofman, Political Methodology, vol 9(3), 1983, pp 295-327

Brahms and Fishburn 1984 (i); Some Logical Defects of the Single Transferable Vote, Steven Brahms and Peter Fishburn, chapter 14 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Brahms and Fishburn 1984 (ii); A Note on Variable-Sized Legislatures to Achieve Proportional Representation, Steven Brahms and Peter Fishburn, chapter 17 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Butler 1984; Reflections on the Electoral Debate in Britain, David Butler, chapter 22 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Coulter 1984; Distinguishing Inequality and Concentration: The Exponentiation Principle, Philip B Coulter, Political Methodology, vol 10(3), 1984, pp 323-335

Duverger 1984; Which is the Best Electoral System?, Maurice Duverger, chapter 3 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Fisichella 1984; The Double-Ballot System as a Weapon against Anti-System Parties, Domenico Fisichella, chapter 18 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Hallett 1984; Proportional Representation with the Single Transferable Vote: a Basic Requirement for Legislative Elections, George H Hallett, chapter 11 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Hermens 1984; Representation and Proportional Representation, Ferdinand Hermens, chapter 2 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Irvine 1984; ‘Additional-Member’ Electoral Systems, William P Irvine, chapter 16 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Johnston 1984; Seats, Votes, Redistricting, and the Allocation of Power in Electoral Systems, RJ Johnston, chapter 6 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Kaase 1984; Personalized Proportional Representation; the ‘Model’ of the West German Electoral System, Max Kaase, chapter 15 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Katz 1984; The Single Transferable Vote and Proportional Representation, Richard Katz, chapter 13 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Lakeman 1984; The Case for Proportional Representation, Enid Lakeman, chapter 4 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Lijphart 1984; Trying to Have the Best of Both Worlds: Semi-Proportional and Mixed Systems, Arend Lijphart, chapter 20 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Nohlen 1984 (i); Two Incompatible Principles of Representation, Dieter Nohlen, chapter 8 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Nohlen 1984 (ii); Changes and Choices in Electoral System, Deiter Nohlen, chapter 21 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Reif 1984; Transnational Problems of a Uniform Procedure for European Elections, Karlheinz Reif, chapter 23 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Riker 1984; Electoral Systems and Constitutional Restraints, William Riker, chapter 10 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Rose 1984; Electoral Systems: a Question of Degree or of Principle?, Richard Rose, chapter 7 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Taagepera 1984; The Effect of District Magnitude and Properties of Two-Seat Districts, Rein Taagepera, chapter 9 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Taylor 1984; The Case for Proportional Tenure: a Defence of the British Electoral System, Peter Taylor, chapter 5 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Weaver 1984; Semi-Proportional and Proportional Representation Systems in the United States, Leon Weaver, chapter 19 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Wright 1984; An Electoral Basis for Responsible Government, JFH Wright, chapter 12 of Choosing an Electoral System – Issues and Alternatives, Grofman and Lijphart (eds), 1984

Butler and Cain 1985; ReApportionment: A study in comparative government, David Butler, Bruce E Cain, Electoral Studies, vol 4(3), 1985, pp 197-213

Felsenthal 1985; Is cumulative voting really different from one-man, one-vote?, Dan S Felsenthal, Electoral Studies, vol 4(2), 1985, pp 141-148

Lijphart 1985; The field of electoral systems research: A critical survey, Arend Lijphart, Electoral Studies, vol 4(1), 1985, pp 3-14

Curtice and Steed 1986; Proportionality and exaggeration in the British electoral system, John Curtice and Michael Steed, Electoral Studies, vol 5(3), 1986, pp 209-228

Gallagher 1986; The political consequences of the electoral system in the Republic of Ireland, Michael Gallagher, Electoral Studies, vol 5(3), 1986, pp 253-275

Gallagher and Unwin 1986; Electoral Distortion under STV Random Sampling Procedures, Michael Gallagher and A R Unwin, British Journal of Political Science, vol 16(2), 1986, pp 243-53

Taagepera 1986; Reformulating the Cube Law for Proportional Representation Elections, Rein Taagepera, The American Political Science Review, vol 80(2), 1986, pp . 489-504

Blais and Carty 1987; The impact of electoral formulae on the creation of majority governments, Andre Blais and RK Carty, Electoral Studies, vol 6(3), 1987, pp 209-218

Deb and Kelsey 1987; On constructing a generalised Ostrogorski Paradox: Necessary and sufficient conditions, Rajat Deb and David Kelsey, Mathematical Social Sciences, vol 14(2), 1987, pp 161-174

Lijphart 1987; The demise of the last Westminster system? Comments on the report of New Zealand’s Royal Commission on the Electoral System, Arend Lijphart, Electoral Studies, vol 6(2), 1987, pp 97-103

Fischer 1988; Electoral Distortion under STV Random Sampling Procedures: A comment, AJ Fischer, British Journal of Political Science, vol 18(1), 1988, pp 142-3

Gallagher and Unwin 1988; Electoral Distortion under STV Random Sampling Procedures: A Rejoinder to Fischer, Michael Gallagher and AR Unwin, British Journal of Political Science, vol 18(1), 1988, pp 144

Hill 1988; Some Aspects of Elections – To Fill One Seat or Many, ID Hill, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society – Series A (Studies in Society), vol 151(2), 1988, pp 243-275,

McCubbins, Schwartz 1988; Congress, the Courts, and Public Policy: Consequences of the One Man, One Vote, Mathew McCubbins and Thomas Schwartz, American Journal of Political Science, vol 32(2), May, 1988, pp . 388-415

Pammett 1988; A framework for the comparative analysis of elections across time and space, Jon H. Pammett, Electoral Studies, vol 7(2), 1988, pp 125-142

Bogdanor 1989; Direct elections, representative democracy and European integration, Vernon Bogdanor, Electoral Studies, vol 8(3), 1989, pp 205-116

Galbraith and Rae 1989; A Test of the Importance of Tactical Voting: Great Britain, 1987, John Galbraith and Nicol Rae, British Journal of Political Science, vol 19(1), 1989, pp . 126-136

Kelly 1989; The Ostrogorski Paradox, JS Kelly, Social Choice and Welfare, vol 6, 1989, pp 71-76

Phillips 1989; Must Rational Preferences Be Transitive? , Michael Phillips, 1989, Philosophical Quarterly, vol 39, no 157, pp. 477-483

Taagepera 1989; Empirical threshold of representation, Rein Taagepera, Electoral Studies, vol 8(2), 1989, pp 105-116

Taagepera and Shugart 1989; Designing electoral systems, Rein Taagepera, Matthew S Shugart, Electoral Studies, vol 8(1), 1989, pp 49-58


1990s

Engstrom 1990; Cincinnati’s 1988 proportional representation initiative, Richard L Engstrom, Electoral Studies, vol 9(3), 1990, pp 217-225

Maas et al 1990; Vote probabilities, Kees Maas, Marco Steenbergen, and Willem Saris, Electoral Studies, vol 9(2), 1990, pp 91-107

Zanella 1990; The Maltese electoral system and its distorting effects, Remo Zanella, Electoral Studies, vol 9(3), 1990, pp 205-215

Blais 1991; The Debate over Electoral Systems, André Blais, International Political Science Review (Revue internationale de science politique), vol 12(3), 1991, pp 239-260

Blais and Carty 1991; The Psychological Impact of Electoral Laws: Measuring Duverger’s Elusive Factor, Andre Blais and R K Carty, British Journal of Political Science, vol 21(1), 1991, pp 79-93

Colomer 1991; Benefits and costs of voting, Josep Colomer, Electoral Studies, vol 10(4), 1991, pp 313-325

Cox 1991; SNTV and d’Hondt are ‘equivalent’, Gary W Cox, Electoral Studies, vol 10(2), 1991, pp 118-132

Cox and Shugart 1991; Comment on Gallagher’s ‘proportionality, disproportionality and electoral systems’, Gary W Cox, Matthew Soberg Shugart, Electoral Studies, vol 10(4), 1991, pp 348-352

Gallagher 1991; Proportionality, disproportionality and electoral systems, Michael Gallagher, Electoral Studies, vol 10(1), 1991, pp 33-51

McLean 1991; A note on Rose’s proportionality index, Vanessa Fry, Iain McLean, Electoral Studies, vol 10(1), 1991, pp 52-59

Molinar 1991; Counting the Number of Parties: An Alternative, Juan Molinar, American Political Science Review, vol 85(4), 1991, pp 1383-1391

Punnett 1991; The alternative vote re-visited, RM Punnett, Electoral Studies, vol 10(4), 1991, pp 281-298

Tao 1991; Arrow’s Theorem, Terance Tao, UCLA Department of Mathematics, 1991

Elklit 1992; The best of both worlds? The Danish electoral system 1915–20 in a comparative perspective, Jørgen Elklit, Electoral Studies, vol 11(3), 1992, pp 189-205

Gallagher 1992; Comparing Proportional Representation Electoral Systems: Quotas, Thresholds, Paradoxes and Majorities, Michael Gallagher, British Journal of Political Science, vol 22(4), 1992, pp 469-496

Nermuth 1992: Two-stage discrete aggregation: the Ostrogorski paradox and related phenomena, Manfred Nermuth, Social Choice and Welfare, vol 9(2), 1992, pp. 99-116

Elklit 1993; Simpler than its reputation: The electoral system in Denmark since 1920, Jørgen Elklit, Electoral Studies, vol 12(1), 1993, pp 41-57

Engstrom and McDonald 1993; ‘Enhancing’ factors in at-large plurality and majority systems: A reconsideration, Richard L Engstrom, Michael D McDonald, Electoral Studies, vol 12(4), 1993, pp 385-401

O’Neal 1993; Electoral Systems, Parliament of Canada Parliamentary Library background paper BP-334E, 1993

Taagepera and Shugart 1993; Predicting the Number of Parties: A Quantitative Model of Duverger’s Mechanical Effect, Rein Taagepera and Matthew Soberg Shugart, American Political Science Review, Vol. 87(2), 1993, pp 455-464

Van Deemen 1993; Paradoxes of voting in list systems of proportional representation, Adrian Van Deemen, Electoral Studies, vol 12(3), 1993, pp 234-241

Darcy and Marsh 1994; Decision heuristics: Ticket-splitting and the Irish voter, R Darcy and Michael Marsh, Electoral Studies, vol 13(1), 1994, pp 38-49

Monroe 1994; Disproportionality and malapportionment: Measuring electoral inequity, Burt L Monroe, Electoral Studies, vol 13(2), 1994, pp 132-149

Norris and Crewe 1994; Did the British marginals vanish? Proportionality and exaggeration in the British electoral system revisited, Pipp a Norris, Ivor Crewe, Electoral Studies, vol 13(3), 1994, pp 201-221

Passion: Bryce, Lowell, Ostrogorski and the Problem of Democracy, Paolo Pombeni, The Historical Journal, vol 37(2), 1994, pp. 319-341

Reed 1994; Democracy and the personal vote: A cautionary tale from Japan, Steven R Reed, Electoral Studies, vol 13(1), 1994, pp 17-28

Warren 1994; Counting in STV elections, CHE Warren, 1994, Voting Matters, Issue 1

Carey and Shugart 1995; Incentives to cultivate a personal vote: A rank ordering of electoral formulas, John M Carey and Matthew Soberg Shugart, Electoral Studies, vol 14(4), 1995, pp 417-439

Diskin and Diskin 1995; The Politics of Electoral Reform in Israel, Hanna Diskin and Abraham Diskin, International Political Science Review, vol 16(1), Jan 1995, pp 31-45

Donovan 1995; The Politics of Electoral Reform in Italy, Mark Donovan, International Political Science Review, vol 16(1), Jan 1995, pp 47-64

Dunleavy and Margetts 1995; Understanding the Dynamics of Electoral Reform, Patrick Dunleavy and Helen Margetts, International Political Science Review, vol 16(1), Jan 1995, pp 9-29

Felsenthal and Machover 1995; Who ought to be elected and who is actually elected? An empirical investigation of 92 elections under three procedures, Dan S Felsenthal, Moshé Machover, Electoral Studies, vol 14(2), 1995, pp 143-169

Jones 1995; A guide to the electoral systems of the Americas, Mark P Jones, Electoral Studies, vol 14(1), 1995, pp 5-21

Merrill 1995; Discriminating between the directional and proximity spatial models of electoral competition, Samuel Merrill III, Electoral Studies, vol 14(3), 1995, pp 273-287

Norris 1995 (i); The Politics of Electoral Reform, Pippa Norris, International Political Science Review, vol 16(1), Jan 1995, pp 79-94

Norris 1995 (ii); The Politics of Electoral Reform in Britain, Pippa Norris, International Political Science Review, vol 16(1), Jan 1995, pp 65-78

Shiratori 1995; The Politics of Electoral Reform in Japan, Rei Shiratori, International Political Science Review, vol 16(1), Jan 1995, pp 3-8

Tideman 1995; The Single Transferable Vote, Nicolaus Tideman, Journal of Economic Perspectives, vol 9 no 1, 1995, pp 27-38

Vowles 1995; The Politics of Electoral Reform in New Zealand, Jack Vowles, International Political Science Review, vol 16(1), Jan 1995, pp 95-115

Blais and Nadeau 1996; Measuring strategic voting: A two-step procedure, André Blais, Richard Nadeau, Electoral Studies, vol 15(1), 1996, pp 39-52

Bowler et al 1996; Constituency campaigning in parliamentary systems with preferential voting: Is there a paradox?, Shaun Bowler, David M Farrell, Ian McAllister, Electoral Studies, vol 15(4), 1996, pp 461-476

Hazan 1996; Presidential parliamentarism: Direct popular election of the Prime Minister, Israel’s new electoral and political system, Reuven Y Hazan, Electoral Studies, vol 15(1), 1996, pp 21-37

Lagerspetz 1996; Paradoxes and representation, Eerik Lagerspetz, Electoral Studies, vol 15(1), 1996, pp 83-92

McLean 1996; EJ Nansen, Social Choice and Electoral Reform, Iain McLean, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 31(3), 1996

Reed 1996; Seats and votes: Testing Taagepera in Japan, Steven R Reed, Electoral Studies, vol 15(1), 1996, pp 39-52

Anckar 1997; Determinants of disproportionality and wasted votes, Carsten Anckar, Electoral Studies, vol 16(4), 1997, pp 501-515

Bean 1997; Australia’s Experience with the Alternative Vote, Clive Bean, Representation 34(2), pp 103-110, 1997

Blais et al 1997; Direct presidential elections: a world summary, André Blais, Louis Massicotte, Agnieszka Dobrzynska, Electoral Studies, vol 16(4), 1997, pp 441-455

Elgie 1997; Two-Ballot Majority Electoral Systems, Robert Elgie, Representation 34(2), pp 89-94, 1997

Ellis 1997; What is Strong Government?, Tom Ellis, Representation 34(2), pp 135-138, 1997

Grofman et al 1997; An integrated perspective on the three potential sources of partisan bias: Malapportionment, turnout differences, and the geographic distribution of party vote shares, Bernard Grofman, William Koetzle, Thomas Brunell, Electoral Studies, vol 16(4), 1997, pp 457-470

Hain 1997; The Case for the Alternative Vote, Peter Hain, Representation 34(2), pp 121-126, 1997

Hemaspaandara 1997; Exact Analysis of Dodgson Elections: Lewis Carroll’s 1876 Voting System is Complete for Parallel Access to NP, Edith Hemaspaandara, Lane Hemaspaandara and Jorge Rothe, 1996, revised 1997

Lijphart 1997 (i); Unequal Participation: Democracy’s Unresolved Dilemma, Arend Lijphart, American Political Science Review, vol 91(1), 1997, pp . 1-14

Lijphart 1997 (ii); The difficult science of electoral systems: A commentary on the critique by Alberto Penadés, Arend Lijphart, Electoral Studies, vol 16(1), 1997, pp 73-77.

McRae 1997; Contrasting Styles of Democratic Decision-Making: Adversarial versus Consensual Politics, Kenneth McRae, International Political Science Review, vol 18(3), 1997, pp 279-295

Norman 1997; The Case for First-Past-The-Post, Philip Norman, Representation 34(2), pp 84-88, 1997

Norris 1997; Choosing Electoral Systems: Proportional, Majoritarian and Mixed Systems, Pippa Norris, ‘Contrasting Political Institutions’ special issue of the International Political Science Review, vol 18(3), July 1997, pp 297-312

Nurmi 1997; The representation of voter groups in the European Parliament: a Penrose-Banzhaf index analysis, Hannu Nurmi, Electoral Studies, vol 16(3), 1997, pp 317-327

Penadés 1997; A critique of Lijphart’s “electoral systems and party systems”, Alberto Penadés, Electoral Studies, vol 16(1), 1997, pp 59-71.

Reilly 1997; The Plant Report and the Supp lementary Vote: Not So Unique After All, Ben Reilly, Representation 34(2), pp 95-102, 1997

Riggs 1997; Presidentialism versus Parliamentarism: Implications for Representativeness and Legitimacy, Fred Riggs, International Political Science Review, vol 18(3), 1997, pp 253-278

Simon 1997; Electoral Systems and Democracy in Central Europe, 1990-1994, János Simon, International Political Science Review, vol 18(4), 1997, pp 361-379

Sullivan 1997; Policy Debates in Federal Election Campaigns 1972-96, Rodney Sullivan, APL research paper No 10 of 1997-98

Colomer and McLean 1998; Electing Popes – Approval Balloting with Qualified Majority Rule, Josep Colomer and Iain McLean, Journal of Interdisciplinary History, vol.29 no. 1, pp 1-22, 1998, via works.bepress.com

Johnston et al 1998; Can We Ever Get Rid of Geography? Observations on the Possible Use of STV in United Kingdom General Elections, Ron Johnston, Charles Pattie and David Rossiter, Representation 35(1), pp 63-69, 1998

Macdonald and Rabinowitz 1998; Solving the paradox of nonconvergence: valence, position, and direction in democratic politics, Stuart Elaine Macdonald, George Rabinowitz, Electoral Studies, vol 17(3), 1998, pp 281-300

Pennisi 1998; Disproportionality indexes and robustness of proportional allocation methods, Aline Pennisi, Electoral Studies, vol 17(1), 1998, pp 3-19

Representation 1998; Freely Chosen Representatives – By Whom?, Editorial comment, Representation 35(1), pp 3-6, 1998

Taagepera 1998; Nationwide inclusion and exclusion thresholds of representation, Rein Taagepera, Electoral Studies, vol 17(4), 1998, pp 405-417

Bingham Powell 1999; Westminster vs PR: Normative and Empirical Assessments, G Bingham Powell, Representation 36(2), pp 127-132, 1999

Blais 1999; Criterion for Assessing Electoral Systems, André Blais, Elections Canada website, 1999

Bowler et al 1999; Party Strategy and Voter Organisation under Cumulative Voting in Victorian England, Shaun Bowler, Todd Donovan and David Farrell, Political Studies, vol 47(5), 1999, pp 906-917

Colomer 1999; The Geometry of Unanimity Rule, Josep Colomer, Journal of Theoretical Politics, 1999, vol 11 p.543, via works.bepress.com

Hsieh and Niemi 1999; Can Duverger’s Law be extended to SNTV? The case of Taiwan’s legislative Yuan elections, John Fuh-sheng Hsieh, Richard G Niemi, Electoral Studies, vol 18(1), 1999, pp 101-116

Jesse 1999; Candidate success in multi-member districts: an investigation of Duverger and Cox, Neal G Jesse, Electoral Studies, vol 18(3), 1999, pp 323-340

Lijphart 1999 (i); First-past-the-post, PR, Michael Pinto-Duschinsky, and the Empirical Evidence, Arend Lijphart, Representation 36(2), pp 133-136, 1999

Lijphart 1999 (ii); Australian Democracy: Modifying Majoritarianism?, Arend Lijphart, 1999, Australian Senate Occasional Lecture

Massicotte and Blais 1999; Mixed electoral systems: a conceptual and empirical survey, Louis Massicotte and André Blais, Electoral Studies, vol 18(3), 1999, pp 341-366

Newman 1999; Federal Election Results 1949-1998, Gerard Newman, Commonwealth Parliamentary Library research brief No 8 of 1998-99

Pilon 1999: Canada’s Democratic Deficit: Is proportional representation the answer?, Dennis Pilon, CSJ Foundation for Research and Education, 1999

Pinto-Duschinsky 1999 (i); Send the Rascals Packing: Defects of Proportional Representation and the Virtues of the Westminster Model, Michael Pinto-Duschinsky, Representation 36(2), pp 117-126, 1999

Pinto-Duschinsky 1999 (ii); A Reply to the Critics, Michael Pinto-Duschinsky, Representation 36(2), pp 148-155, 1999

Sakamoto 1999; Explaining Electoral Reform, Japan versus Italy and New Zealand, Takayuki Sakamoto, Party Politics, vol 5(4), 1999, pp 419–438

Scarrow 1999; The impact of at-large elections: vote dilution or choice dilution?, Howard A Scarrow, Electoral Studies, vol 18(4), 1999, pp 557-567

Svensson 1999; The Proof of the Gibbard-Satterthwaite Theorem Revisited, Lars-Gunnar Svensson, Lund University Department of Economics, 1999

Uhr 1999; Why We Chose Proportional Representation, John Uhr, Australian Senate Occasional Lecture, 1999

Vowles 1999; Rascals and PR: How Pinto-Duschinsky Stacked the Decks, Jack Vowles, Representation 36(2), pp 137-142, 1999


2000s

Hazan 2000; The Unintended Consequences of Extemporaneous Electoral Reform: the 1999 Elections in Israel, Reuven Hazan, Representation 37(1), pp 39-47, 2000

Jesse 2000; Does the Transfer of Votes Really Matter?, Neal Jesse, Representation 37(3), pp 187-193, 2000

Lijphart 2000; The Future of Democracy: Reasons for Pessimism, but also some Optimism, Arend Lijphart, Scandinavian Political Studies, Bind 23 (new series), 2000

Reny 2000; Arrow’s Theorem and the Gibbard-Satterthwaite Theorem – a Unified Approach, Philip Remy, University of Chicago Department of economics, 1999 (revised version June 2000)

Rigby 2000; Lebanon: Patterns of Confessional Politics, Andrew Rigby, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 53, 2000, pp 169-180

Roberts 2000; By Decree or By Design? The Surplus Seats Problem in the German Electoral System: Causes and Remedies, Geoffrey Roberts, Representation 37(3), pp 195-202, 2000

Thurner 2000; The empirical application of the spatial theory of voting in multiparty systems with random utility models, Paul W Thurner, Electoral Studies, vol 19(4), 2000, pp 493-517

Twomey 2000; The Federal Constitutional Right to Vote in Australia, Ann Twomey, Federal Law Review, vol 28(1), 2000, pp. 125-154

Uhr 2000; The Australian Senate in its Second Century, John Uhr, Representation 37(2), pp 139-145, 2000

Vowles 2000; Introducing Proportional Representation: the New Zealand Experience, Jack Vowles, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 53, 2000, pp 680-696

Ackerman 2001; Anatomy of a Constitutional Coup, Bruce Ackerman, Representation 38(2), pp 115-122, 2001

Amy 2001; The State of the Electoral Reform Movement in the Unites States, Douglas Amy, Representation 38(2), pp 159-170, 2001

Blais et al 2001; Measuring strategic voting in multiparty plurality elections, André Blais, Richard Nadeau, Elisabeth Gidengil, Neil Nevitte, Electoral Studies, vol 20(3), 2001, pp 343-352

Curtice 2001; The Electoral System: Biased to Blair?, John Curtice, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 54, 2001, pp 803-814

Fey 2001; A Note on the Condorcet Jury Theorem with Supermajority Voting Rules, Mark Fey, 2001 (forthcoming for Social Choice and Welfare)

Geanakoplos 2001; Three Brief Proofs of Arrow’s Impossibility Theorem, John Geanakoplos, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics (Yale University) discussion paper 1123RRR, 1996 (revised July 2001)

Griffith and Srinivasan 2001; State Upper Houses in Australia, Gareth Griffith and Sharath Srinivasan, NSW Parliamentary Research Service, Background Paper No.1 of 2001

Johnstone et al 2001; He Lost…But He Won! Electoral Bias and George W Bush’s Victory in the US Presidential Election,2000, Ron Johnston, Charles Pattie and David Rossiter, Representation 38(2), pp 159-170, 2001

Katz 2001; The 2000 Presidential Election: A Peverse Outcome?, Richard Katz, Representation 38(2), pp 141-149, 2001

Nathan 2001; Representation in Democracy (Total Representation), Aharon Nathan, 2001, http://www.aharonnathan.com

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Rush 2001; Bush v Gore and the Courts: Sound and Fury, Singifying Nothing?, Mark Rush, Representation 38(2), pp 123-130, 2001

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Wiseman 2001 (ii); Apportionment, or How to Round Seat Numbers, JDA Wiseman, 2001, http://www.jdawiseman.com/papers

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Keyssar 2003; Constitutional Amendments and the Right to Vote – Some Reflections on History, Alexander Keyssar, paper for the Claiming Democracy conference, November 2003

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Rablen 2005; United Nations Security Council Reform: A Proposal for Weighted Voting, Matthew Rablen, paper for the Voting Power and Procedures centre annual workshop, 2005

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Maeda 2008; Re-examining the contamination effect of Japan’s mixed electoral system using the treatment-effects model, Ko Maeda, Electoral Studies, vol 27(4), 2008, pp 723-731

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Toplak 2008; Equal Vote Weight of All: Finally “One Person, One Vote” From Hawaii to Maine?, Jurij Toplak, Temple Law Review, vol 81, 2008, pp 123-175

Twomey 2008; Executive Accountability to the Senate and the NSW Legislative Council, Ann Twomey, Australasian Parliamentary Review, vol 23(1), 2008, pp. 257-273

van der Kolk 2008; Supp lementary vote; analysis, Applications, and alternatives, Henk van der Kolk, Electoral Studies, vol 27(3), 2008, pp 417-423

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Brunell and Buchler 2009; Ideological representation and competitive congressional elections, Thomas L Brunell, Justin Buchler, Electoral Studies, vol 28(3), 2009, pp 448-457

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Dunleavy 2009; Assessing How Far Charter 88 and the Constitutional Reform Coalition Influenced Voting System Reform in Britain, Patrick Dunleavy, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 62(4), 2009, pp 618-644

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Madden 2009; Australian Democrats: the passing of an era, Cathy Madden, Australia Parliamentary Library research paper no 25 of 2008-09

McCarty et al 2009; Does Gerrymandering Cause Polarization?, Nolan McCarty, Keith T Poole and Howard Rosenthal, American Journal of Political Science, vol 53(3), 2009, pp 666–680

Newton-Farrelly 2009; From Gerry-Built to Purpose-Built: Drawing Electoral Boundaries for Unbiased Election Outcomes, Jenni Newton-Farrelly, Representation 45(4), pp 471-484, 2009

Nurmi 2009; Voting Weights or Agenda Control: Which One Really Matters?, Hannu Nurmi, 2009

Nurmi and Saari 2009; Connections and Implications of the Ostrogorski Paradox for Spatial Voting Models, Hannu Nurmi and Donald Saari, 2009 or later

Rosenberg and Chen 2009; Expanding Democracy – Voter Registration Around the World, Jennifer Rosenberg and Margaret Chen, Brennan Centre for Justice, 2009

Sewell et al 2009; Probabilistic electoral methods, representative probability and maximum entropy, Roger Sewell, David MacKay and Iain McLean, Voting Matters, issue 26, 2009

Toplak 2009; Preferential Voting: Definition and Classification, Jurij Toplak, paper presented at the annual meeting of the Midwest Political Science Association 67th Annual National Conference, Chicago, IL, April 2009

Zahid 2009; Majority Judgment Theory and Paradoxical Results, Manzoor Ahmad Zahid, 2009

Aleskerov et al 2010; Power Distribution in the Weimar Reichstag in 1919-1933, Faud Aleskerov, Manfred Holler and Rita Kamalova, 2010, papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers

Barber 2010; Electoral Redistributions During the 43rd Parliament, Stephen Barber, Australian Parliamentary Library research paper No 5 of 2010-11

Barber et al 2010; House of Representatives By-elections 1901-2009, Stephen Barber, C Lawley, Scott Bennett and Gerard Newman, Research Paper No. x of 2010-11, Commonwealth Parliamentary Library, 2010

Barber etc 2010; House of Representatives by-elections 1901-2009, Stephen Barber, Christopher Lawley, Scott Bennett and Gerard Newman, Parliament of Australia Parliamentary Library research paper, 2010

Bochsler 2010; Who gains from app arentments under D’Hondt?, Daniel Bochsler, Electoral Studies, vol 29(4), 2010, pp 617-627

Boix 2010; Electoral Markets, Party Strategies and Proportional Representation, Charles Boix, 2010

Borisyuk et al 2010 (i); Parliamentary Constituency Boundary Reviews and Electoral Bias: How Important Are Variations in Constituency Size?, Galina Borisyuk, Ron Johnston, Colin Rallings and Michael Thrasher, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 63(1), 2010, pp 4-21

Borisyuk et al 2010 (ii); A method for measuring and decomposing electoral bias for the three-party case, illustrated by the British case, Galina Borisyuk, Ron Johnston, Michael Thrasher and Colin Rallings, Electoral Studies, vol 29(4), 2010, pp 733-745

Colomer 2010 (i); ‘Constitutions’, ‘Elections’, and ‘Governance’, Josep Colomer, entries in The Encyclopaedia of Political Science 2010, via works.bepress.com

Colomer 2010 (ii); ‘Coalitions’, ‘Cooperation’, ‘Election by Lot’, ‘Social Choice Theory’, Josep Colomer, entries in the International Encyclopaedia of Political Science 2010, via works.bepress.com

Colomer 2010 (iii); Europe, Like America – the challenge of building a democratic federation, Josep Colomer, La Caixa Research Department Economic Studies Series, 2010, via works.bepress.com

Croker 2010; The U.S. House of Representatives: Apportionment Formula in Theory and Practice, Royce Croker, US Congressional Research Service, doc 7-5700, 2010

Curtice 2010; So What Went Wrong with the Electoral System? The 2010 Election Result and the Debate About Electoral Reform, John Curtice, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 63(4), 2010, pp 623-638

Fisher and Hobolt 2010; Coalition government and electoral accountability, Stephen D Fisher and Sara B Hobolt, Electoral Studies, vol 29(3), 2010, pp 358-369

Ganghof 2010; Democratic Inclusiveness: A Reinterpretation of Lijphart’s Patterns of Democracy (review article), Steffen Ganghof, British Journal of Political Science, vol 40, pp 679-692, 2010

Gauja 2010; Evaluating the Success and Contribution of a Minor Party: the Case of the Australian Democrats, Anika Gauja, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 63(3), 2010, pp 486-503

Gehrlein and Lepelley 2010; The impact of group coherence on the likelihood of voting paradoxes, William Gehrlein and Dominique Lepelley, LSE Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, Voting Power in Practice workshop, 2010

Hyman 2010; Divisor Method Proportional Representation in Preference-Ballot Elections, Ross Hyman, Voting Matters issue 28, pp 15-31, 2010

Lister 2010; Liberal Foundations of Democratic Authority, Andrew Lister, Representation 46(1), pp 19-34, 2010

Machover 2010; The underlying assumptions of electoral systems, Moshé Machover, LSE Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, Voting Power in Practice workshop, 2010

Marziani 2010; Filibuster Abuse, Mimi Marziani, Brennan Centre for Justice, 2010

Newton-Farrelly 2010Preferential Voting and State Elections in South Australia, Jenni Newton-Farrelly, South Australian Parliamentary Research Library, research paper No. 26, 2010

Nurmi 2010; On the Relevance of Theoretical Results to Voting System Choice, Hannu Nurmi, LSE Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, Voting Power in Practice workshop, 2010

Nurmi 2010; On the Relevance of Theoretical Results to Voting System Choice, xxx, Chapter 1, Hannu Nurmi, 2010?

Rodrigues and Brenton 2010; The Age of Independence? – Independents in Australian Parliaments, Mark Rodrigues and Scott Brenton, Australian Parliamentary Library research paper No 4 of 2010-11

Schraufnagel and Milita 2010; The Partisan Duopoly in the US House of Representatives: an Analysis of Minor Party Failure, Scot Schraufnagel and Kerri Milita, Representation 46(2), pp 241-253, 2010

Seiberg and McDonald 2010; Probability and Plausibility of Cycles in Three-Party Systems: A Mathematical Formulation and Application, Katri Seiberg and Michael McDonald, British Journal of Political Science, vol 41, pp 681-692, 2010

Serra 2010; Mexico’s Electoral Reform of 2007: A Case of De-Democratization and Partyarchy, Gilles Serra, 2010, Nuffield College Working Papers in Politics, http://www.nuffield.ox.ac.uk/politics/papers/

Tideman and Plassman 2010; The Structure of the Election-Generating Universe, Nicholas Tideman and Florenz Plassman, LSE Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, Voting Power in Practice workshop, 2010

Weiser and Agraharkar 2010; Ballot Security and Voter Suppression – Information Citizens Should Know, Wendy Weiser and Vishal Agraharkar, Brennan Centre for Justice, 2010

Williams et al 2010; Rowe v Electoral Commissioner, supplement to Blackshield and Williams: Australian Constitutional Law and Theory, chapter 9 section 3, George Williams, Sean Brennan and Andrew Lynch, 2010

Zwicker 2010; Manipulability, decisiveness and responsiveness in voting rules, William Zwicker, LSE Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, Voting Power in Practice workshop, 2010


2011

Balinski and Laraki 2011; Majority Judgment. Measuring, Ranking, and Electing, M Balinski, and R Laraki, 2011

Barber 2011 (i); Commonwealth Election 2010, Stephen Barber, Australian Parliamentary Library research paper No 2 of 2011-12

Barber 2011 (ii); Federal Election Results 1901-2010, Stephen Barber, Australian Parliamentary Library research paper No 6 of 2011-12

Bezzina and Buhagiar 2011; STV 4+: A Proportional System for Malta’s Electoral Process, Frank Bezzina and Anton Buhagiar, Voting Matters issue 28, 2011

Blais et al 2011; The Mechanical and Psychological Effects of Electoral Systems: A Quasi-Experimental Study, André Blais, Romain Lachat, Airo Hino and Pascal Doray Demers, 2011

Bondurant 2011; The Senate Filibuster: The Politics of Obstruction, Emmet Bondurant, Harvard Journal on Legislation, vol 48, 2011, pp 467-513

Brent 2011; Short History of Preferential Voting, Peter Brent, Mumble blog at The Australian online, 18 April 2011

Chen 2011; Uncovering the micro-foundations of turnout and electoral systems, Tse-hsin Chen, Electoral Studies, vol 30(2), 2011, pp 295-308

Coakley 2011; The Challenge of Consociation in Northern Ireland, John Coakley, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 64(3), 2011, pp 473-493

Colomer 2011 (i); The More Parties, the Greater Policy Stability, 2011, via works.bepress.com

Colomer 2011 (ii); ‘City-republics’,‘Constitutions’, ‘Elections’ and ‘Governance’ – entries in the Encyclopaedia of Political Science 2010, via works.bepress.com

Curtice and Seyd 2011; Attitudes to voting rules and electoral system preferences: Evidence from the 1999 and 2003 Scottish Parliament elections, John Curtice, Ben Seyd, Electoral Studies, vol 30(1), 2011, pp 184-200

Emerson 2011; The Matrix Vote: Electing an All-Party Coalition Cabinet, Peter Emerson, Voting Matters issue 29 pp 20-31, 2011

Falco and Garcia-L’ 2011; A Distance-Based Extension of the Majority Judgement Voting System, Edurne Falco and Jose Luis Garcia-Lapresta, 2011

Fauvelle-Aymar et al 2011; French Electoral Reform and the Abstention Rate, Christine Fauvelle-Aymar, Michael Lewis-Beck and Richard Nadeau, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 64(1), 2011, pp 45–60

Fawcett 2011; The Core Executive in New South Wales 1995-2011, Paul Fawcett, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Fischer 2011; Compulsory Voting and Inclusion: a response to Sanders, Clara Fischer, Politics vol 31(1) pp 37-41, 2011

Gazeley 2011; STV with Elimination of Discounted Contenders, Simon Gazeley, Voting Matters issue 28, pp 32-35, 2011

Grandi 2011; The Common Structure of Paradoxes in Aggregation Theory, Umberto Grandi, 2011 or later

Green 2011; 2011 NSW Election Preview – Analysis of Past Voting Patterns by Electorate, Antony Green, NSW Parliamentary Library Research Service background paper, 2011

Green-Armytage 2011; Four Condorcet-Hare Hybrid Methods for Single-Winner Elections, James Green-Armytage, Voting Matters issue 29 pp 1-14, 2011

Hill (ID) 2011; Party Lists and Preference Voting, ID Hill, Voting Matters, issue 29 pp 15-19, 2011

Hill (Lisa) 2011; Compulsory Voting, Lisa Hill, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Horiuchi and Sato 2011; Electoral Redistricting, Incumbency Advantage and Endogenous Candidate Selection, Yasaku Horiuchi and Meg Sato, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Hugh-Jones 2011; Comment on David Sanders et al, ‘Simulating the Effects of the Alternative Vote in the 2010 UK General Election’, David Hugh-Jones, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 64(4), 2011, pp 763-766

Jensen and Spoon 2011; Compelled without direction: Compulsory voting and party system spreading, Christian B Jensen, Jae-Jae Spoon, Electoral Studies, vol 30(4), 2011, pp 700-711

John and Hargreaves 2011; The Alternative Vote in Australia – Exacerbating a Culture of Adversarialism?, Sarah John and Leigh Hargreaves, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Knutsen 2011; Which democracies prosper? Electoral rules, form of government and economic growth, Carl Henrik Knutsen, Electoral Studies, vol 30(1), 2011, pp 83-90

Koriyama and Laslier 2011; Optimal Apportionment, Yukio Koriyama and Jean-Francois Laslier, paper presented to the The Leverhulme Trust sponsored Voting Power in Practice Symposium at the London School of economics, 20-22 March 2011

Laslier 2011; And the Loser is… Plurality Voting, Jean-Franscois Laslier, 2011, LSE Centre for Philosophy of Natural and Social Science, Voting Power in Practice workshop, 2010

Louwerse 2011; The Spatial Approach to the Party Mandate, Tom Louwerse, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 64(3), 2011, pp 425-447

Maaser and Napel 2011; The Direct Democracy Deficit in Two-Tier Voting, Nicola Maaser and Stefan Napel, paper for the Voting Power in Practice centre annual workshop, 2011

Macdonald 2011; On Legitimacy: the Real First Virtue of Global Political Institutions, Terry Macdonald, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Marian 2011; The Influence of Electoral Systems on Democracy in the European Union, PhD thesis, Faculty of History and Philosophy, University Cluj-Napoca, 2011

Marien 2011; The effect of electoral outcomes on political trust: A multi–level analysis of 23 countries, Sofie Marien, Electoral Studies, vol 30(4), 2011, pp 712-726

McAllister et al 2011; Leadership Change, Policy Issues and Voting in the 2010 Australian Federal Election, Ian McAllister, Clive Bean and Juliet Pietsch, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Mernagh 2011; What’s In a Name? A Political Myth?, Michael Mernagh, Voting Matters issue 28, pp 36-50, 2011

Migheli and Ortona 2011; Plurality, Proportionality, Governability and Factions, Matteo Migheli and Guido Ortona, Representation 47(1), pp 99-113, 2011

Moore 2011; Thinking about Australian Unity since the 1890s, Tod Moore, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Orr 2011; The Voting Rights Ratchet: Rowe v Electoral Commissioner, Graeme Orr, PLR, vol 22, 2011, pp 83-88

Pringle 2011; Is Compulsory Voting an Illusion, Helen Pringle, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Pukelsheim 2011; A probabilistic ‘re-view’ on [Felsenthal and Machover’s] Measurement of Voting Power, Friedrich Pukelsheim, paper for the Voting Power in Practice centre annual workshop, 2011

Sanders 2011; Analysing Electoral Systems through Five Simple Questions, Will Sanders, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Sanders et al 2011 (i); Simulating the Effects of the Alternative Vote in the 2010 UK General Election, David Sanders, Harold D Clarke, Marianne C Stewart and Paul Whiteley, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 64(1), 2011, pp 5-23

Sanders et al 2011 (ii); Response to David Hugh-Jones, David Sanders, Harold D Clarke, Marianne C Stewart and Paul Whiteley, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 64(4), 2011, pp 767-768

Sawer and Brent 2011; Equality and Australian Democracy, Marian Sawer and Peter Brent, Democratic Audit of Australia discussion paper, October 2011

Schmidtchen et al 2011; On the Possibility of a Preference-Based Power Index: the Strategic Power Index Revisited, Dieter Schmidtchen and Bernard Steunenberg, paper for the Voting Power in Practice centre annual workshop, 2011

Schulze 2011; A new monotonic, clone-independent, reversal symmetric, and Condorcet-consistent single-winner election method, Marcus Schulze, Social Choice and Welfare, vol 36, 2011, pp 267-303

Schulze 2011; Review of ‘Voting Theory for Democracy’ (Thomas Colignatus 2011), Markus Schulze, Voting Matters issue 29, pp 35-37, 2011

Scott 2011; The Fragmentation of Political Parties on the Left and the Formation of New Alignments: Comparing Australia with Red-Green Coalitions in Northern Europe, Andrew Scott, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Strauss 2011; The Significance of the Organisational Origins of The Greens, Jonathan Strauss, paper given at the Australian Political Studies Conference Canberra 2011

Wall 2011; Electoral Systems Briefing Paper, Alan Wall, ACE Project website, December 2011

Weeks 2011; Tolerable Chance or Undesirable Arbitrariness? Distributing Surplus Votes Under PR-STV, Liam Weeks, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 64(3), 2011, pp 530–551


2012

Bagashka 2012; The personal vote and economic reform, Tanya Bagashka, Electoral Studies, vol 31(3), 2012, pp 562–575

Bale 2012; The Black Widow Effect: Why Britain’s Conservative–Liberal Democrat Coalition Might Have an Unhapp y Ending, Tim Bale, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 65, 2012, pp 323-337

Banfield 2012; Minority Report: lessons from Canada’s Minority Parliaments, Andrew Banfield, Australian Senate Occasional Lecture, 2012

Barber 2012; Federal Election Results 1901–2010, Stephen Barber, Research Paper No. 6 of 2011-12, Commonwealth Parliamentary Library, 2012

Batto 2012; Differing mandates and party loyalty in mixed-member systems: Taiwan as a baseline case, Nathan F Batto, Electoral Studies, vol 31(2), 2012, pp 384-392

Bartle and Laycock 2012; Telling more than they can know? Does the most important issue really reveal what is most important to voters?, John Bartle, Samantha Laycock, Electoral Studies, vol 31(4), 2012, pp 679–688

Brunell, Grofman and Merrill 2012; Magnitude and durability of electoral change: Identifying critical elections in the U.S. Congress 1854–2010, Thomas Brunell, Bernard Grofman and Samuel Merrill III, Electoral Studies, vol 31(4), 2012, pp 816–828

Dawes et al 2012; Generosity and Political Preferences, Christopher Dawes, Magnus Johannesson, Erik Lindqvist, Peter Loewen, Robert Ostling, Marianne Bonde and Frida Priks, IFN working paper no. 941, Research Institute of Industrial Economics, 2012

Hawley and Sagarzazu 2012; Where did the votes go? Reassessing American party realignments via vote transfers between major parties from 1860 to 2008, George Hawley and Iñaki Sagarzazu, Electoral Studies, vol 31(4), 2012, pp 726–739

Hargreaves and John 2012; Modelling Ordinal Electoral Systems: The Uniqueness of South Australian Legislative Elections, Leigh Hargreaves and Sarah John, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 47(2) 2012, pp.273-283

Hodgson and Maloney 2012; Economic voting in Britain, 1857–1914, Robert Hodgson and John Maloney, Electoral Studies, vol 31(4), 2012, pp 668–678

Holmes 2012 (i); Electoral and Political Financing: the Commonwealth Regime and its Reforms, Brenton Holmes, Australian Parliamentary Library Background Note, 2012

Holmes 2012 (ii); Political Financing: Regimes and Reforms in Australian States and Territories, Brenton Holmes, Australian Parliamentary Library Background Note, 2012

Hug and Martin 2012; How electoral systems affect MPs’ positions, Simon Hug, Danielle Martin, Electoral Studies, vol 31(1), 2012, pp 192-200

Irwin and Van Holsteyn 2012; Strategic electoral considerations under proportional representation, Galen A Irwin, Joop JM Van Holsteyn, Electoral Studies, vol 31(1), 2012, pp 184-191

Johnson and Hoyo 2012; Beyond personal vote incentives: Dividing the vote in preferential electoral systems, Joel W Johnson, Verónica Hoyo, Electoral Studies, vol 31(1), 2012, pp 131-142

Lachat 2012; Party strategies, institutions, and electoral system effects, Romain Lachat, paper prepared for the ‘Duty and Choice: Participation and Preferences in Democratic Elections’ conference, Montreal, January 2012

Lundell 2012; Civic Participation and Political Trust: The Impact of Compulsory Voting, Krister Lundell, Representation, 48(2), 2012, pp 221-234

McGregor 2012; Voter sincerity and the time-of-voting-decision, Robert Michael McGregor, Electoral Studies, vol 31(4), 2012, pp 715–725

Pacuit 2012; ‘Voting Methods, Eric Pacuit, Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, plato.standford.edu, (Winter 2012 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.)

Pringle 2012; Compulsory Voting in Australia: What is Compulsory?, Helen Pringle, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 47(3), 2012, pp.427-440

Renwick and McLean 2012; Electoral System Options, Alan Renwick and Iain McLean, supplementary written evidence included as Appendix 6 of the 2012 Report of the Joint Standing Committee on the Draft House of Lords Reform Bill 2012, 2012

Twomey 2012 (i); The Application of the Implied Freedom of Political Communication to State Electoral Funding Laws, Ann Twomey, University of New South Wales Law Journal, vol 35(3), 2012, pp. 625-647

Twomey 2012 (ii); Rowe v Electoral Commissioner – Evolution or Creationism?, Ann Twomey, University of Queensland Law Journal, vol 31(2), 2012, pp. 181-202

Whiteley et al 2012; Britain Says NO: Voting in the AV Ballot Referendum, Paul Whiteley, Harold D Clarke, David Sanders and Marianne C Stewart, Parliamentary Affairs, vol 65, 2012, pp 301-322


2013

Abramson et al 2013; The British general election of 2010 under different voting rules, Paul R Abramson, John H Aldrich , Abraham Diskin, Aaron M. Houck, Renan Levine, Thomas J Scotto, Electoral Studies, vol 32, 2013, pp 134–139

Bergman et al 2013; Patterns of intraparty competition in open-list & SNTV systems, Matthew Bergman, Matthew Shugart and Kevin Watt, Electoral Studies, vol 32, 2013, pp 321–333

Bormann and Golder 2013; Democratic Electoral Systems around the world, 1946–2011, Nils-Christian Bormann and Matt Golder, Electoral Studies, vol 32, 2013, pp 360–369

Chamberlain 2013; Fusion Ballots and the Question of Organisational Type, Adam Chamberlain, Representation, vol 49(1), 2013, pp 45-54

Clark 2013; Second Time Lucky? The Continuing Adaptation of Voters and Parties to the Single Transferable Vote in Scotland, Alistair Clark, Representation, 49(1), 2013, pp 55-68

Gray 2013; Government funding of non-governmental organisations and the implied freedom of political communication: The constitutionality of gag clauses, Anthony Gray, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 48(4), 2013, pp.456-469

Ip 2013; The Institutional Foundations of Supreme Court Power in Britain’s Representative Democracy, Eric Ip, Representation 49(3), 2013, pp 281-293

Lundberg and Steven 2013; Framing Electoral Reform in the 2011 UK Alternative Vote Referendum Campaign, Thomas Carl Lundberg and Martin Steven, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 48(1), 2013, pp.15-27

Martin 2013; How High is Voter Turnout in Australia and Could It Be Increased? Lessons For Policy Makers, Aaron Martin, Representation, 49(2), 2013, pp 219-228

Mulieri 2013; Beyond Electoral Democracy? A Critical Assessment of Constructivist Representation iIn the Global Arena, Alessandro Mulieri, Representation 49(4), 2013, pp 515-527

Pillai 2013; Non-immigrants, non-aliens and people of the Commonwealth: Australian constitutional citizenship revisited, Sangeetha Pillai, Monash University Law Review, vol 39(2), 2013, pp. 568

Weeks 2013; Rational, reverential or experimental? The politics of electoral reform in Oceania, Liam Weeks, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 48(4), 2013, pp.383-397

Ziegfeld 2013; Are higher-magnitude electoral districts always better for small parties?, Adam Ziegfeld, Electoral Studies, vol 32, 2013, pp 63–77


2014

André and Depauw 2014; District Magnitude and the Personal Vote, Audrey André and Sam Depauw, Electoral Studies, vol 35, 2014, p.102-144

Baujard et al 2014; Who’s favored by evaluative voting? An experiment conducted during the 2012 French presidential election, Antoinette Baujard, Herrade Igersheim, Isabelle Lebon, Frédéric Gavrel and Jean-François Laslier, Electoral Studies, vol 34, 2014, pp 131-145

Beaulieu 2014; From voter ID to party ID: How political parties affect perceptions of election fraud in the U.S., Emily Beaulieu, Electoral Studies, vol 35, 2014, pp 24-32

Bedock and Sauger 2014; Electoral Systems with a Majority Bonus as Unconventional Mixed Systems, Camille Bedock and Nicolas Sauger, Representation 50(1), 2014, pp 99-112

Bellamy and Parau 2014; Introduction: Democracy, Courts and the Dilemmas of Representation, Richard Bellamy and Cristina Parau, Representation 49(3), 2014, pp 255-266

Bernauer and Munzert 2014; Loyal to the Game? Strategic Policy Representation in Mixed Electoral Systems, Julian Bernauer and Simon Munzert, Representation 50(1), 2014, pp 83-97

Bochsler 2014; Which Mixed-Member Proportional Electoral Formula Fits You Best? Assessing the Proportionality Principle of Positive Vote Transfer Systems, Daniel Bochsler, Representation 50(1), 2014, pp 113-127

Bochsler and Bernauer 2014; Strategic Incentives in Unconventional Electoral Systems: Introduction to the Special Issue, Daniel Bochsler and Julian Bernauer, Representation 50(1), 2014, pp 1-12

Chacko and Mayer 2014; The Modi Iahar (wave) in the 2014 Indian national election: a critical realignment? , Priya Chacko and Peter Mayer, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 49(3), 2014, pp. 518-528

Crisp 2014: Vote Earning Strategies in Flexible List Systems, Crisp, Electoral Studies, vol 32(4), 2014, p.568-669

Curtice and Marsh 2014; Confused or competent? How voters use the STV ballot paper, John Curtice and Michael Marsh, Electoral Studies, vol 34, 2014, pp 146-158

Davis 2014; Responsiveness and the Rules of the Game: How disproportionality structures the effects of winning and losing on external efficacy, Nicholas Davis, Electoral Studies, vol 36, 2014, p.129-136

Debus and Müller 2014; Expected utility or learned familiarity? The formation of voters’ coalition preferences, Marc Debus and Jochen Müller, Electoral Studies, vol 34, 2014, pp 54-67

Eggers and Fouirnaies 2014; Representation and district magnitude in plurality systems, Andrew Eggers and Alexander Fouirnaies, Electoral Studies, vol 33, 2014, pp 267-277

Endersby and Towle 2014; Making wasted votes count: Turnout, transfers, and preferential voting in practice, James Endersby and Michael Towle, Electoral Studies, vol 33, 2014, pp 144-152

Farrell and Katz 2014; Assessing the Proportionality of the Single Transferable Vote, David Farrell and Richard Katz, Representation 50(1), 2014, pp 13-26

Fraenkel and Grofman 2014; The Borda Count and its real-world alternatives: Comparing scoring rules in Nauru and Slovenia, Jon Fraenkel & Bernard Grofman, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 49(2), 2014, pp. 186-205

Garry 2014; Holding parties responsible at election time: Multi-level, multi-party government and electoral accountability, John Garry, Electoral Studies, vol 34, 2014, pp 78-88

Lallber St-Vincent 2014: Test of the Pivotal Voter Model, Lallber St-Vincent, Electoral Studies, vol 32(4), 2014, p.795

Mitchell 2014; The single transferable vote and ethnic conflict: The evidence
from Northern Ireland
, Paul Mitchell, Electoral Studies, vol 33, 2014, pp 246-257

Pellicer and Wegner 2014; The mechanical and psychological effects of legal thresholds, Miquel Pellicer and Eva Wegner, Electoral Studies, vol 33, 2014, pp 258-266

Potthoff 2014; An Underrated 1911 Relic Can Modify Divisor Methods to Prevent Quota Violation in Proportional Representation and U.S. House Apportionment, Richard Potthoff, Representation, vol 50(2), 2014, pp 193-215

Singh and Roy 2014; Political knowledge, the decision calculus, and proximity voting, Shane Singh and Jason Roy, Electoral Studies, vol 34, 2014, pp 89-99

Spoon and Kluver 2014; Do partiers respond? How electoral context influences party responsiveness, Jae-Jae Spoon and Heike Kluver, Electoral Studies, vol 35, 2014, pp 48-60

Stoffel 2014; A Unified Scale of Electoral Incentives, Michael Stoffel, Representation 50(1), 2014, pp 55-67

Twomey 2014 (i); Unions NSW v New South Wales: Political Donations and the Implied Freedom of Communication, Ann Twomey, University of Notre Dame Australia Law Review, vol 16, 2014, pp. 178-192

Twomey 2014 (ii); Compulsory Voting in a Representative Democracy: Choice, Compulsion and The Maximisation of Participation in Australian Elections, Ann Twomey, Oxford University Commonwealth Law Journal, vol 13(2), 2014, pp. 283-312

Wanna 2014; A Most Peculiar Implosion: The Australian Federal Election September 2013: A Case of a Fractured Government That Inflicted Defeat Upon Itself, John Wanna, Representation, 50(2), 2014, pp 271-281

Zittel 2014; Patterns of Personal Vote Seeking in Mixed Electoral Systems: The Politics of Retrenchment in German Defence Policy, Thomas Zittel, Representation 50(1), 2014, pp 41-53


2015

Burnett and Kogan 2015: Ballot (and voter) “exhaustion” under Instant Runoff Voting: An examination of four ranked-choice elections, Craig M Burnett and Vladimir Kogan, Electoral Studies, vol 37, 2015, p.41-49

Buttorff 2015: Coordination failure and the politics of tribes: Jordanian elections under SNTV, Gail Buttorff, 2015, Electoral Studies, vol 40, pp 45-55

Chavura and Melleuish 2015: Conservative instinct in Australian political thought: The Federation debates, 1890–1898, Stephen Chavura and Gregory Melleuish, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 50(3), 2015, pp. 513-528

Felsenthal and Miller 2015; What To Do about Election Inversions Under Proportional Representation, Dan Felsenthal and Nicholas Miller, Representation, vol 51(2), 2015, pp. 173-186

Gauja 2015: The State of Democracy and Representation in Australia, Anika Gauja, Representation 51(1), 2015, p.23-24

Golosov 2015: Factors of party system fragmentation: A cross-national study, Grigorii Golosov, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 50(1), 2015, pp. 42-60

Hayward 2015; Defining Democracy: Voting Procedures in Decision-Making, Elections and Governance, Katy Hayward, Representation, vol 51(2), 2015, pp. 269-271

Hill 2015: Does compulsory voting violate a right not to vote?, Lisa Hill, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 50(1), 2015, pp. 61-72

McAllister, Sheppard and Bean 2015: Valence and spatial explanations for voting in the 2013 Australian election, Ian McAllister, Jill Sheppard and Clive Bean, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 50(2), 2015, pp. 330-346

Raabe 2015; When It Pays To Lose: The Fundamental Flaw of the Positive Vote Transfer Electoral System, Johannes Raabe, 2015, Representation, vol 51(2), pp, 253-260

Rainey 2015: Strategic Mobilization: Why proportional representation decreases voter mobilization, Carlisle Rainey, Electoral Studies, vol 37, 2015, p.86-98

Russell and de Wijze 2015: A Move To Majoritarian Nationalism? Challenges Of Representation In South Asia, Andrew Russell & Stephen de Wijze, Representation 51(1), 2015, p.7-21

Sanders 2015: Classifying electoral systems by input rules: Building on Blais and Rae through Australian experience, Will Sanders, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 50(3), 2015, pp. 462-479

Turner 2015: The High Court of Australia and political science: A revised historiography and new research agenda, Ryan Turner, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 50(2), 2015, pp. 347-364

Twomey 2015 (i); The High Court on Election Funding – Legitimate Ends and the Validity of Reforms, Ann Twomey, Australasian Parliamentary Review, vol 30(1), 2015, pp. 52-60

Twomey 2015 (ii); McCloy v New South Wales: Developer Donations and Banning the Buying of Influence, Ann Twomey, Sydney Law Review, vol 37(2), 2015, pp. 275-286

Vowles 2015: Legislative accountability in a mixed-member system, Jack Vowles, Australian Journal of Political Science, vol 50(2), 2015, pp. 279-296

Wlezien and Soroka 2015; Electoral Systems and Opinion Representation, Christopher Wlezien and Stuart N Soroka, Representation, vol 51(3), 2015, pp. 273-285


2016

Hajnal et al 2016; Voter Identification Laws and the Suppression of Minority Votes, Zoltan Hajnal, Nazita Lajevardi and Lindsay Nielson, manuscript 2016

(Last updated 28 February 2016)

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