On Elections

How people elect parliaments


(Progress update: The ‘Elections’ section of the site is currently (May 2017) undergoing major reconstruction and development. Text in grey indicates material underdevelopment. It may take some months for the national pages and links promised below to all be included. The project to prepare and include tabulated datasets of election results will take longer still.)

Data coverage map

Elections results and data to be hosted on this website

This page is the entry point to this website’s collection of election results data and analysis covering elections in a limited selection of specific nations (and selected sub-national jurisdictions).

The selection covers 16 nations and 4 subnational jurisdictions. The selection covers several major democracies, but also prioritises focus to illustrate each of the major voting methods. (The majority of the world’s national parliaments are either elected using seat allocation systems (that is, party list proportional systems) or using the plurality (first-past-the-post) method.)

In general the starting date for data coverage is the year 2000, although the Australian data collection will commence from 1901.

The covered nations and the national voting systems they use are as follows:

Plurality single-member division (SMD) voting: the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, India, Pakistan and Malaysia

Preferential SMD: Australia

Two-round runoff SMD: France

Single transferable vote (STV): Éire, Malta (national) and Northern Ireland, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory (sub-national)

Seat allocation (party-list proportional): the Netherlands

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) / British AMS: Germany and New Zealand, and also Scotland (sub-national)

Plurality and ‘slate’ voting: Singapore

Distorted seat allocation: Russia and Turkey

For each selected nation linked pages provide an outline the nature and brief history of the electoral system in use, links to OnElections essays relating to this nation, an overview of the party configuration contesting elections, the key electoral system outcomes in relation to the primary goals of representation, and data on election results (where completed).

At each national page will be found links to short reports on each specific election; for direct access use this index.

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