On Elections

How people elect parliaments


This page will form the entry point to this site’s collection of election results data and analysis. It cover elections in a limited selection of specific nations (and selected sub-national jurisdictions).

(Note: The ‘Elections’ section of the site is currently undergoing development, which will be a long project!

Data coverage map

Covered nations

The selection covers 16 nations together with several subnational jurisdictions. The selection prioritises nations which illustrate each of the major voting methods.

Plurality single-member division (SMD) voting: the United States (House of Representatives and Senate) the United Kingdom, Canada (including selected provinces), India, Pakistan, Malaysia and Zimbabwe

Preferential SMD: Australia (including five of its states and the Northern Territory)

Two-round runoff SMD: France

Single transferable vote (STV): Éire, Malta, and also Northern Ireland, Tasmania and the Australian Capital Territory

Seat allocation (party-list proportional): the Netherlands

Mixed-member proportional (MMP) / British AMS: Germany (including the state of Bavaria) and New Zealand, and also Scotland

Mixed plurality and ‘slate’ voting: Singapore

Plurality with nomination distortion: Italy

Distorted seat allocation: Russia and Turkey

For each selected nation linked pages provide an outline the nature and brief history of the electoral system in use, links to OnElections commentary and analysis relating to this nation, an overview of the party configuration contesting elections, the key electoral system outcomes in relation to the primary goals of representation, and data on election results (where completed).

In general the starting date for data coverage is the year 2010, although the Australian data collection will commence from 1901.

→ Full catalogue of national electoral systems.

→ Direct index of all reports on specific elections.

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